A perfume composition is a mixture of fragrances, solvents and other substances for a specific purpose. As you already know from my previous article, natural aromatic notes were used in perfumes in the past, but now synthetic ones increasingly have an advantage over them.
Shopping for new perfume can be overwhelming because not only there are countless scents available on the market, but also different fragrance concentrations. Perfumes with a higher fragrance concentration contain more perfume oils and less alcohol.
Types of Perfumes Depending on the Concentration of the Aromatic Ingredients
When it comes to the concentration of aromatic ingredients, there are several basic types of products:
- Perfume oils. These are undiluted sophisticated perfume compositions, designed to permanent perfuming of body and clothing. Therefore, they have a much denser consistency than diluted perfumes. The quantity of the perfume composition is over 30%.
Perfume oils are naturally low-volatile. They soak in the skin, retain there and release the aromatic ingredients for 6 to 24 hours, with almost the same intensity depending on the type, humidity and heat emitted from the skin. Perfume oils are usually available in the form of drip vials or rollons as a standard spray would use up too much of the valuable fluid.
P. S: Perfume essence should be handled with care as their high concentration can cause skin irritation.
- Perfume (Le Perfume/Extrait/ Pure Perfume). In most such perfumes the aromatic concentration is on average between 20-30%. Pure perfumes last the longest – between 6-8 hours which puts them in the highest price range. They successfully combine quality and durability. They also have far less alcohol than other fragrance types and therefore are not as likely to dry out the skin.
- Eau de Perfume (EdP). This product ranks second in the concentration of aromatic ingredients which varies between 10-20%, and on average usually lasts between 3-5 hours. It is no coincidence that is among the most commonly used – there is almost no brand that does not offer this kind. In addition to being suitable for everyday wear, EdP is also preferred by people with sensitive skin.
- Eau de Toilette (EdT). Its aromatic ingredients are between 5-10% and it usually lasts between 2-4 hours. Lighter and cheaper than perfume water, toilet water is extremely common.
As a rule, EdT is used for everyday life, and EdP is more suitable for evenings because has a more intense and long-lasting aroma.
- Eau de Cologne (EdC). Its aromatic ingredients are between 3-5% and it usually lasts up to 2 hours. EdC contains a high concentration of alcohol. Cologne is much cheaper than EdT and EdP. It is usually available in larger millilitres because it takes more amount to achieve a lasting effect.
- Aftershave. It is a traditional perfume product used in men’s perfumery. Its special formula with high alcohol concentration helps to disinfect and restore the skin after shaving, and the low concentration of perfume (about 3%) provides men with an unobtrusive scent that easily combines with traditional perfume and does not irritate the skin.
In addition to cologne and aftershave, there are many other low-concentrated variants of perfume compositions.
- Eau de Fraiche (EdF). This product has a 1-3% of aromatic concentration, but unlike cologne, the solvent here is water, not alcohol. Eau Fraiche is extremely suitable for summer and is often featured in the limited editions of world-famous perfume brands as an option for hot summer days.
There are many uncertainties about the durability of these types of fragrances. For example, perfume water (EdP) is more concentrated than toilet water (EdT), which would mean that it will be more intense and longer-lasting, but this is not always the case. It should be noted that different perfume manufacturers use different amounts of oil for their products, which means that one manufacturer’s toilet water may be stronger and longer-lasting than another manufacturer’s perfume water.
In addition to classic perfumes, there are many toiletries to which perfumes are added – body sprays, deodorants (also have a bactericidal effect), creams, sticks, lotions, soaps, bath salts and more.
Groups of Scents Found in Modern Perfumes
There are many suggestions for perfume classification based on fragrances and there is no universal one. On the other hand, each manufacturer creates its own classification system. There may be constant changes in the structure of these systems with the formation of new subgroups.
Modern perfumes can be conditionally divided into several main groups depending on the type of fragrance.
- Floral. These perfumes are probably the most common on the market. They smell either of a particular flower or a bouquet of several types of flowers.
- Fresh. These include subgroups such as Fruity, Citrus, Green, Spicy, Aromatic, Aquatic, etc.
The appearance of marine fragrances is a real sensation in the world of perfumery. They create a sense of a feeling of a light breeze and cool sea waves.
- Woody. The magnificent compositions of woody notes in the heart of the perfume are enhanced by the woody notes in its base. The warm and mysterious sandalwood, the drier and more distinct cedar and vetiver, and the light exotic species are usually accompanied by other aromatic and citrus notes.
- Leather. This group contains a wide range of fragrances in a variety of shades – from floral and velvety compositions to smoky depths of smell. It is characterized by a breath of processed leather products which gives the aroma a sense of luxury and style.
- Oriental. They are sensual, warm and sexy. They contain stunning and intense ingredients and musk aroma, often revealing notes of vanilla, cinnamon and cloves.
I mention again that this is not a universal classification of perfumes by fragrance, but rather conditional and generally orienting. Each major group, on the other hand, can be divided into several subgroups, which are formed by the combination with other types of aromatic constituents.
What Does Niche Perfumery Mean?
Niche perfumes were created long before the biggest designer perfumes were founded. They were considered to be a work of art and were created by experts with years of experience serving the royal families and the high elite.
RELATED: WHAT IS NICHE PERFUMERY?
In contrast to the well-known fragrances of the largest perfume brands created to appeal to the mass market, niche perfumes play a different role. They are offered by smaller and more exclusive perfume houses in an attempt to turn back on the modern perfume industry and bring back the high-quality perfumes of the past.
Niche fragrances are produced in much smaller quantities and include only the highest-quality aromatic oils from all over the world. They are usually created by hand and with a lot of passion from some of the most sophisticated perfume experts who consider any bottle a niche perfume as a masterpiece.
In the next article, I will introduce you in more detail to niche perfumery, its features, the famous niche perfume houses, as well as the differences between these perfumes and designer perfumes.